[Eph 6:1-24 KJV] BLB BH

1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.

2 Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)

3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

4 And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.

5 Servants, be obedient to them that are [
your] masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;

6 Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;

7 With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:

8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether [
he be] bond or free.
(Hyperbaton 696; Tmesis 702)

9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.

10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.

11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
(Allegory 750)

12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [
(Anaphora 204; Antimeria 496; Antimeria 501; Metonymy 577; Metonymy 594; Synecdoche 645)

13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
(Genitive case 995)

15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;

16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
(Heterosis 529; Genitive case 995)

17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
(Genitive case 995)

18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
(Polyptoton 279; Hendiadys 667; Synonymia)

19 And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
(Heterosis 529 see verse 16 and note at bottom.)

20 For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

21 But that ye also may know my affairs, [
and] how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:

22 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and [
that] he might comfort your hearts.

23 Peace [
be] to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

24 Grace [
be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.


Verse 8
Hyperbaton: “Here the adjective is held over to the last in order to emphasize it.” See ἀγαθός

Tmesis: τι ἐάν (ho ti ean). See Blue Letter Bible. “…three words, which usually go together in this order, are divided: and the last is put in between the other two, so that it reads “what soever thing,” instead of ” what thing soever.Our English Tmesis here better expresses the Greek, than the A.V. (KJV) which neglects the Greek Tmesis.”

Verse 11
Allegory: Continued Comparison by Representation or Implication. What the Armour of God and the wiles of the devil are is only implied, therefore a continued Hypocatastasis.

Verse 12
Anaphora: “
against” used 4x in succession.

Antimeria: adjective used as a noun ( “The spiritual [
powers, bands, hosts] of wickedness”: i.e., wicked spirits.)

Antimeria: (“Against the spiritual things of wickedness”:
i.e., wicked spirits. Here we have two forms of Antimereia, viz., the Antimereia of the adjective ‘ spiritual for spiritual powers, or spirits, and the Antimereia of the noun, of wickedness,” for their origin or character”).

Metonymy of the Subject: The Devil is the Prince (or god) of this world:
i.e., the ungodly inhabitants of it. 1 John 3:1 — “Therefore the world [i.e., those who are without God) knoweth us not.” So 4:5, and 5:4, 5, etc.

Metonymy of the Adjunct: “The rulers of the darkness of this age”:
i.e., of all the dark things done in this world; the word ” age ” pointing to a time coming when that rule will be done away.

Synecdoche of the Part: “We wrestle not against flesh and blood”:
i.e., against human beings, in contrast with wicked spiritual beings.

Verse 14
Genitive of Apposition: “The breastplate of righteousness.” Here, it is not the genitive of possession as in verses 16 and 17, but of apposition, Christ’s righteousness being our breastplate.

Verse 16
Genitive of Possession: “The shield of faith”:
i.e., faith’s shield. The shield which faith possesses and uses: viz., Christ (Gen. 15:1; Psa. 84:11 (12). It is not the genitive of Apposition, which would regard faith itself as the shield; but, as in the next verse: —

Verse 17
Genitive of Possession: “The sword of the Spirit”:
i.e., the Spirit’s sword, which is the word of God.

Verse 18
Polyptoton: “Praying always with all prayer,”
i.e., earnestly praying.
προσευχῆς [G4336] noun: to offer prayers, to pray.From πρός (G4314) and εὔχομαι (G2172)

προσευχόμενοι [G4335] verb: to pray.

δεήσεως [G1162] noun: a petition, not restricted toward God only. From [G1189], which is from [G1210].


Hendiadys: persevering supplication.

Synonymia: see Richard C. Trench’s “Synonyms Of The New Testament“. Synonyms are words with “similar” meanings (prayer, praying, supplication). When these words are used in the same context they build a scope, or larger picture, of a topic.

Verse 19
Heterosis: Dr. Bullinger notes verse 16, but the Index lists verse 19. In verse 16 he remarks “… often “demon” and “wicked ones” means all the demons and evil spirits. See John 8:44, andEph. 6:16.” The KJV has “wicked one” in the singular.

Italicized words in [brackets] were added by the King James Version translators.

Thanks go to Blue Letter Bible and Internet Archive and The Cornell University Library for providing public domain material.

Thanks also to E. W. Bullinger for his work “Figures Of Speech Used In The Bible”, and thanks to you for taking the time here.

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